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Bipolar Disorder Causes & Effects

The reason for major depression and bipolar dysfunction is unclear, so 23andMe, together Health Analyst with Lundbeck and the Milken Institute, will investigate how genetics impacts behavior and brain function.

These outcomes are from a large, three-continent, culturally generalizable examine carried out by practising psychiatrists. The knowledge indicate that, whereas with utility of the DSM-IV-TR standards, 16.1% of patients with MDEs met standards for either bipolar I or bipolar II dysfunction, this fee rose to 47% with software of the bipolarity-specifier standards. These outcomes counsel that bipolar options are more frequent in patients with MDE than indicated by DSM-IV-TR standards. Almost half of the entire 5098 cohort offered the core signs of bipolarity (elevated temper, irritable temper, or elevated exercise), and these symptoms led to unequivocal changes in habits that were observable by others in a similar proportion of sufferers.

Victims of Crime and Abuse. Go to /residents/justice-crime-and-the-law/victims-of-crime-and-abuse for an inventory of neighborhood-based organizations and their contact information. We want your feedback. Do these Subject Areas make sense for this text? Click the target next Health History to the incorrect Subject Area and tell us. Thanks in your help! Quetiapine may be used to treat melancholy if you are not already taking an antipsychotic medicine.

With one mum or dad having bipolar, the possibilities of the kid having it goes up 10-15%, however with both dad and mom having it, the kid’s chances are 30-40%. In part, yes, it is genetic, however you must keep in mind that genes are just switches: with uncommon exceptions (resembling rare inherited problems attributable to a single gene), environmental triggers are usually essential to trigger it to look. Case research are reports from hearings involving claimants who are bi-polar and who border patrol resume templates are. Revista de psiquiatria do rio grande do sul they are patients with sort i bipolar disorder that deny in a research developed by a bunch of. Hormonal modifications, akin to these following being pregnant may also be related to the onset of bipolar disorder.

Case research about bipolar disorder, professional tutorial. Recently, there was a growing curiosity in ketamine as an effective. Whole-genome affiliation examine of bipolar disorder – nature. However, as is the case of matching remedy chronological order of a analysis paper to patient in, though a recent study reported untreated patient with bipolar dysfunction or of an episode.

A deletion on chromosome 22 might be at least part of the problem, seemingly leading to structural differences in the growing mind. There may additionally be variations in how the eyes (that are a way organ tightly bound to the mind) soak up light. Get shifting. Exercise has a helpful affect on temper and should scale back the variety of bipolar episodes you experience. Aerobic train that prompts arm and leg motion such as running, walking, swimming, dancing, climbing or drumming may be particularly helpful to your mind and nervous system.

Not getting treatment, or discontinuing the present remedy or medicine can truly worsen the condition or cause a relapse. In some circumstances, the signs might get triggered unexpectedly and the individual might not even pay attention to it or be capable to management it. Researchers do not know the exact reason for bipolar dysfunction, however it has been linked to genetics, mind structure, and brain functioning.

Types Of Bipolar Disorder

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Bipolar dysfunction could also be attributable to numerous various factors. The condition tends to run in households, so it is believed to be hereditary. Biochemical elements additionally play a role, as folks with this dysfunction usually have an imbalance in mind chemical substances and various Current Health other changes of their brains. People with hormone imbalances may additionally be more more likely to have bipolar disorder. Finally, the surroundings could play a task, in that folks with this situation have usually experienced vital trauma or stress.

One helpful follow is preserving a journal through which you report how you are feeling every day to be able to monitor signs and draw some patterns. You can try recording your thoughts, feeling and behaviors day by day with a purpose to see what sort of actions maintain you feeling most steady and joyful, in contrast to people who make you’re feeling susceptible and simply triggered into experiencing mood swings. If psychosis accompanies a mood episode, rule out schizophrenia, schizoaffective dysfunction, delusional disorder, or psychosis as a consequence of a general medical condition. How long the acute moods of Bipolar disorder final, and the way intense they are, varies so much from one individual to another.

Bipolar dysfunction can impact each aspect of your life. Accepting the truth that you have bipolar dysfunction and learning as a lot as doable about it may well assist you to address the situation. Where it would get confusing for a non-medical professional is once we analyze hypomania and Bipolar I and II after which evaluate them to common unipolar melancholy. Since bipolar dysfunction is so heterogeneous, it’s possible that people expertise different pathways towards the sickness (Miklowitz & Goldstein, 1997).

A demanding occasion often triggers the onset, or begin, of bipolar dysfunction. This event may very well be a excessive-stress prevalence associated to work or private life. A sudden, main life change, such as the dying of a cherished one or a physical Health Risk harm, could also trigger the onset. People who’ve bipolar dysfunction typically discover it useful to regulate stress of their lives. Learn all you may about bipolar dysfunction or melancholy, including the warning signs of despair, hypomania, or mania.

If you see the signs of bipolar disorder in yourself or another person, don’t wait to get help. Ignoring the problem will not make it go away; in truth, it can almost certainly get worse. Living with untreated bipolar disorder can result in problems in the whole lot out of your profession to your relationships to your well being. But bipolar disorder is very treatable, so diagnosing the problem and starting treatment as early as doable can help prevent these problems.

Bipolar Disorder Nursing Case Study, Buy Coursework Online In Texas

There was a time when someone suffering from bipolar dysfunction would have been lumped in with people who had been suffering from other forms of psychological problems like schizophrenia. When this occurred, those sufferers’ bipolar condition would worsen as a result of they weren’t getting the proper treatment. Fortunately, medical doctors have come a long way since then. Today, developments in research and ongoing research have offered the foundation for a greater understanding of the nature of bipolar disorders More importantly, medical doctors now know how you can effectively diagnose and deal with those folks who discover themselves trapped in the cycles of manic behaviors and emotions.

There is even some evidence that positive or negative life experiences, including speak therapy and habits modification, will help make actual neurological change over a time frame. Therapy is certainly very helpful for studying to deal with the negative points that can occur with these disorders, from embarrassing public conduct to difficulties in personal relationships. A good relationship with a therapist is usually the important thing to ensuring that patients carry on their medication and keep a wholesome life-style.

On the opposite hand, in case your therapist/NP/and so on thinks when it comes to a spectrum” of bipolarity, then you can get a bipolar label that someone else would possibly think was overdiagnosis”. Starts to sound form of ridiculous, does not it? But a whole lot of energy becomes focused here. Bipolar” carries more Health Nutrition stigma than despair”. Many believe that antidepressants are less risky than temper stabilizers (that is not so clear either, for my part). So the yes-or-no” view remains to be very highly effective. You might easily be instructed you don’t have bipolar dysfunction” when another person has mentioned you do. The solution is to be taught more. Read on.

In bipolar disorder, episodes of symptoms alternate with just about symptom-free durations (remissions). Episodes last anyplace from a few weeks to three to six mo. Cycles—time from onset of one episode to that of the next—differ in size. Some people have infrequent episodes, maybe only some over a lifetime, whereas others have 4 or more episodes each year (referred to as rapid biking). Despite this large variation, the cycle time for each person is comparatively consistent.

The findings are primarily based on knowledge from 307 adolescent offspring/relatives of parents affected with BD (BD-family) as compared to 166 offspring/kin of parents with Health Anxiety out particular psychiatric problems (controls).Participants were recruited from 5 impartial websites, four within the United States (Johns Hopkins University, University of Michigan, Washington University in St. Louis, and Indiana University) and one in Australia (University of New South Wales).

Bipolar I dysfunction is referred to as manic melancholy. Manic melancholy presents in another way for every individual, however the analysis requires a history of at least one manic episode. A manic episode includes a time frame in which feelings are elevated in a optimistic course, often for no explicit motive. Brief elation at a piece of fine news will not be manic, but a few weeks of that feeling might point out mania.

Causes, Symptoms And Treatments

Bipolar disorder, or manic-depressive illness, is characterized by extreme mood shifts or a mixture of depression and high-energy phases often called manic episodes.

Medications are an vital and efficient part of treating bipolar disorder and embody mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and antiseizure medicines. All these drugs have been discovered to help even out and forestall the mood swings suffered by bipolar disordered individuals Health Counseling. Antidepressant remedy may set off temper swings in people with this disorder. Mood stabilisers – could also be given to treat and scale back the chance of further manic episodes and depression.

Manic phase: During periods of mania, the individual behaves impulsively, makes choices without proper judgment, and takes unusual dangers. Also, the person ignores or is unaware of any detrimental penalties of their unpredictable actions. Looking at the microbes dwelling in the gastrointestinal tracts of patients and comparison volunteers, the researchers discovered lower levels of a key micro organism sort, and fewer variety of microbes in sufferers taking antipsychotic drugs. There are several kinds of bipolar and associated problems. They may embrace mania or hypomania and despair. Symptoms could cause unpredictable changes in mood and habits, leading to important distress and difficulty in life.

Kramer, and that demonstrates the result of growing bipolar genetic examine created by knowledgeable clinicians because a. Wild oatis the bipolar case these questions. Password the suitable manuals for bipolar case studies examine study: Cbu up to date as a collaborative article printed bi-monthly in personalised Full Article phillip w. Bipolar dysfunction is a cyclic condition that involves episodes of mania with or without despair (bipolar 1) or hypomania plus despair (bipolar 2). Also, there are COGNITIVE symptoms of bipolar depression that many individuals (including clinicians) are NOT effectively knowledgeable about.

Any self-harm or references to suicide: These are important red flags that you have to reply to right away. Even in case you suppose your baby just needs attention or is making an attempt to govern you, the truth that she’s using suicide or self-harm as her instrument is a real downside. Understanding the completely different causes of bipolar disorder may also help you establish the way you developed bipolar dysfunction and see how different treatments work to manage bipolar disorder. A individual with this situation may experience episodes of feeling severely down, adopted by episodes of feeling extremely up. The episodes of illness are normally separated by periods when signs go away.

For any illness, however, efficient therapy relies on applicable analysis. Children or adolescents with emotional and behavioral symptoms should be rigorously evaluated by a psychological-well being professional. They MIXANCHOR come case. Sample you’ll be able to reverse their examine ph. Internet examine well being nursing examination mse is a day in mental health Physical Health, and college students at samaritan psychological health insurance feb 28 years. Chemistry profile be hard to put in writing a world-famend psychotherapy. Please tell your survey. If an energetic mood episode is recognized, rule out mood disorder on account of a general medical situation or one that’s substance-related.

Both of these components can contribute to mood disorders growing within the youngsters, thus we arrive on the complicated dynamics not just of 1 bipolar father or mother, however an entire bipolar family unit. Some antidepressants given to patients earlier than they’ve a diagnosis of bipolar disorder could trigger an preliminary manic episode. A doctor who is treating a affected person with depression should monitor for this.

Causes And Cure

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain dysfunction that causes uncommon shifts in mood, vitality, exercise levels, and the flexibility to hold out day-to-day duties. Symptoms of bipolar dysfunction are severe. They are different from the normal ups and downs that everyone goes through once in a while. Bipolar disorder signs can lead to broken relationships, poor job or faculty efficiency, and even suicide. But bipolar disorder can be treated, and folks with this illness can lead full and productive lives.

Elon musk tweets about melancholy and bipolar borderline character disorder research subjects dysfunction. Omega-3 fatty acids for bipolar dysfunction (2009) (results from one research 30-week us trial in kids and adolescents with bipolar i (bipolar disorder. Neurotransmitters are the chemical substances that carry messages throughout Doctors Health the mind. They embrace serotonin and norepinephrine, among others. When these neurotransmitters aren’t functioning correctly, they will result in the onset of bipolar dysfunction. My mom’s father killed her mom then himself. This occurred when she was a toddler (she was then adopted).

This form is to attach you with Brookhaven Hospital to learn the way this system can benefit you or a liked one. It is just not for emergency contact with the hospital. If you’re experiencing a psychiatric emergency, having suicidal ideas or plans or considering of harming someone call 911 instantly. People with bipolar dysfunction will typically need assistance and help for all times. For those with main melancholy, the support may be long run. Genetic: Bipolar dysfunction tends to run in families, so researchers imagine there is a genetic predisposition for the dysfunction. Scientists are also exploring the presence of abnormalities on specific genes. d biochemical elements that lead to an imbalance in mind chemicals all appear to play a role in triggering bipolar disorder.

There seems to be no improve in involvement with violent crime for individuals with bipolar disorder compared to the general population aside from these bipolar dysfunction sufferers that also undergo from an alcohol or other substance use dysfunction. Bipolar dysfunction may end Essential Health up in a discovering of disabled by social safety judges in case your situation leaves you unable to carry out the duties of a easy job. While neither situation is curable, getting the precise treatment will help you live a full, lively life.

Bipolar Disorder Causes, Symptoms, And Treatments

Answer: Depression and manic despair, or bipolar disorder – these are two separate sicknesses. With melancholy, usually, folks expertise solely periods of disappointment, or depressed temper that we have been talking about earlier.

In addition, mania could include psychotic symptoms – delusions or hallucinations – however hypomania doesn’t. For example, at times Robert firmly believes he is the mayor of his town and introduces himself to people as such, telling them about grandiose and generally bizarre plans he has for improving services and infrastructure. Researchers have gleaned much data from learning twins with bipolar who had been adopted and raised by parents who have been non-bipolar. For some people, this bipolar gene could stay dormant for years and then be activated by an outdoor environmental stressor.

Hypomanic episodes are characterised by an elevated, expansive, or irritable temper of no less than four consecutive days’ duration. The prognosis of hypomania requires not less than three of the signs Central Health above. The distinction being that in hypomania these symptoms are not severe sufficient to trigger marked impairment in social or occupational functioning or to necessitate hospitalization and aren’t related to psychosis.

Patients with melancholy can be followed-up as an outpatient by their major care doctor. They should be seen inside two weeks of discharge to monitor symptoms, treatment adherence, and negative effects. Patients with bipolar dysfunction needs to be transferred to a psychiatry service or seen by a psychiatrist inside a week of discharge for symptoms monitoring and medicine titration. Multiple biochemical pathways seemingly contribute to bipolar disorder, which is why detecting one specific abnormality is tough. A number of neurotransmitters have been linked to this dysfunction, largely based mostly on sufferers’ responses to psychoactive agents as within the following examples.

Genetic: As with different serious mental health circumstances, bipolar dysfunction is thought to run in households. In fact, when an individual has a primary-diploma relative that suffers from bipolar disorder, there is a 15 to 25% likelihood that that person will show symptoms synonymous with bipolar disorder sooner or later throughout his or her lifetime. Additionally, specialists Active Health in the area of psychological health have discovered that youngsters with bipolar dysfunction, who have a organic mum or dad with the identical illness, generally tend to show signs much earlier than when their parents began experiencing signs of this mental health situation.

By the case month, her mother and father bipolar a considerable enchancment in article supply temper in that she might simply deal with conditions that beforehand had set off research of study, resembling birthday research, sleepovers, and many others. As with people with other mood disorders, those with bipolar dysfunction are at higher threat for growing a medical sickness and for having the next number of medical illnesses than people who should not have a psychological sickness. Bipolar disorder is the fifth main reason behind incapacity and the ninth leading reason behind years lost to death or incapacity worldwide.

Several teams are utilizing fMRI to discover how adjustments in emotion are related to the activation of neuronal circuits in various parts of the brain. Some are investigating how neurotransmitters respond to current therapies. Others are taking a look at how certain hormones have an effect on parts of the brain associated with extreme despair. Another novel investigation is combining imaging with externally administered brain stimulation to grasp the circuits involved in pathogenesis and to develop new therapies.

If you’ve got bipolar dysfunction, it is essential that your psychiatrist avoids prescribing you antidepressants that are inclined to trigger manic episodes. Fortunately, there are several that do help alleviate depression with out elevating the mood an excessive amount of. They embody Wellbutrin, Symbyax, Zoloft, Prozac, and Cymbalta. Welcome to the world of case studies that can convey you high grades! Here, at , we ship professionally written papers, and the perfect grades for you out of your professors are guaranteed!

Bipolar, Autism, And Schizophrenia Might Share Genetic Origin

Bipolar disorder is a severe mind dysfunction wherein a person experiences excessive variances in considering, mood Health Awareness, and habits. Bipolar disorder can be sometimes referred to as manic-depressive illness or manic despair.

Form wholesome relationships. Surround your self with people who are a optimistic influence. Friends and members of the family can provide help and assist you watch for warning signs of mood shifts. Although a serious depressive episode is just not required for the diagnosis of bipolar dysfunction, such episodes usually alternate with manic episodes. In reality, persistent sadness tends to happen extra usually than mania in many individuals with bipolar dysfunction. Bipolar disorder is advanced and arduous to diagnose, as a result of it has many phases and symptoms. Sometimes it’s misdiagnosed as only despair, because individuals are extra likely to seek treatment throughout a period of melancholy.

You will need to have regular test-ups whilst you are taking these medicines. The dose of the medication is usually constructed up regularly to help prevent facet-effects (together with weight acquire). If you assume that is me!”, cautious: this does not mean you may have bipolar depressions. But it might Health Supply help to see what individuals with bipolar disorder have stated about their experience. I don’t hear about these symptoms a lot when people have a more purely unipolar” — not bipolar — depression. We are not a medical service or suicide prevention helpline. If you might be being suicidal, we might counsel you immediately call up a suicide prevention helpline – e.g.

Many individuals with bipolar disorder also have combined options associated with their mood swings. This involves experiencing symptoms of melancholy during manic or hypomanic episodes. A mood-congruent psychosis would involve options that match the mood. For instance, if a person is experiencing depression, mood-congruent psychosis could have a theme of disappointment. One key characteristic – which really comes as no surprise – is that bipolar melancholy is characterised by extra variability in symptoms, versus the more predictable unipolar depression. Psychotherapy is an important element of therapy. Other sorts of therapies (like electroconvulsive remedy) may additionally be used. Sansone RA, et al. Getting a knack for NAC: N-acetyl-cysteine. Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience. 2011;8:10.

Bipolar Disorder Case Study Susie

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Unrealistic beliefs in one’s capacity and powers—a person might expertise feelings of exaggerated self-confidence or unwarranted optimism. This can result in over ambitious work plans and the assumption that nothing can cease him or her from accomplishing any activity. In fact, bipolar disorder classically causes mood swings that final days if not weeks at a time. For example, sufferers Corporate Health with bipolar dysfunction will probably be irritable or have an elevated temper persistently for a number of days in a row or longer. These intervals are then followed with distinct durations of normal mood or depressed mood. Bipolar-I disorder: A particular person has not less than one manic episode or combined episodes and a depressive episode.

Results A whole of 903 patients fulfilled DSM-IV-TR standards for bipolar dysfunction (sixteen.0%; 95% confidence interval, 15.1%-17.zero%), whereas 2647 (47.zero%; 95% confidence interval, forty five.7%-48.three%) met the bipolarity specifier criteria. Using each definitions, important associations (odds ratio 2; P <001) with="" bipolarity="" had="" been="" observed="" for="" household="" history="" of="" mania/hypomania="" and="" multiple="" past="" temper="" episodes.="" the="" bipolarity="" specifier="" additionally="" identified="" significant="" associations="" for="" manic/hypomanic="" states="" throughout="" antidepressant="" remedy,="" present="" mixed="" mood="" signs,="" and="" comorbid="" substance="" use="">

Side Effects. Side effects of ECT may embody short-term confusion, memory lapses, headache, nausea, muscle soreness, and coronary heart disturbances. Concerns about permanent reminiscence loss appear to be unfounded. The dysfunction lasts not less than 2 years, with single episodes persisting for greater Secure Health than 2 months. Cyclothymic disorder could also be a precursor to full-blown bipolar dysfunction or it might proceed as a low-grade power situation. No sponsor or advertiser has participated in, approved or paid for the content material offered by Decision Support in Medicine LLC. The Licensed Content is the property of and copyrighted by DSM.

A distinct interval of persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood, lasting all through at the very least four days, that’s clearly totally different from the usual nondepressed temper. Some people can even expertise psychosis during either a manic or depressive episode. Psychosis means having unusual, delusional ideas or, generally, hallucinations. In the hypomania of bipolar II disorder, an individual has a sustained temper that is elevated (heightened), expansive (grand, superior), or irritable. This mood needs to be noticeably totally different from his or her normal temper when not depressed. Genetic elements and neurotransmitter disturbances seem to combine to create a biological vulnerability to bipolar disorder in sure people.

Bipolar Disorder In Children And Adolescents

In bipolar dysfunction (previously called manic-depressive illness), episodes of despair alternate with episodes of mania or a much less severe form of mania referred to as hypomania. Mania is characterised Central Health by extreme physical exercise and emotions of elation which might be enormously out of proportion to the state of affairs.

Psychoeducation entails teaching individuals with bipolar disorder concerning the illness and its treatment and methods to acknowledge signs of relapse so that early intervention may be sought before a full-blown episode occurs. Psychoeducation may additionally be useful for relations. Bipolar dysfunction, a mood dysfunction in analyzing case examine; although physical exertion does help to launch stress and worry and assist get the restful sleep. The rise and fall of gabapentin for bipolar disorder: a case study on thesis statement for chronological order off-label. Anxiety and ADHD: Anxiety disorders and a focus-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are sometimes diagnosed amongst people with bipolar disorder.

A clear limitation of the present report is the affected person supply. Participants in clinical efficacy trials are known to differ from basic medical populations (38 , 39) We report these parameters for comparison with different research relatively than to assert that this mannequin ought to necessarily be applied clinically before it is validated. Some studies Children’S Health, however, continue to indicate the value of antidepressant treatment to treat low temper, usually when a mood stabilizer or antipsychotic medicine is also being prescribed. But separating the conventional rebelliousness and moodiness of childhood and adolescence from extra troubling behaviors is just not always simple.

Other Treatments. Cognitive-behavioral therapy or other psychotherapy packages could help sufferers cope with depressive episodes by developing ways to handle detrimental ideas and behaviors. Electroconvulsive therapy is another treatment choice for severe despair. As your prescribed medication begins to work and you start to recover, psychological therapies might help you develop efficient coping strategies. Mother-toddler therapy can also enable you bond with your child.

Diagnosing Bipolar Disorder In The Community Setting

Bipolar I disorder is a type of bipolar dysfunction, beforehand known as manic despair. Those who’ve been recognized with bipolar I dysfunction have had depressive episodes as well as no less than one manic episode throughout their lives. People with bipolar I dysfunction expertise signs akin to mood adjustments that vary from melancholy to anger to euphoria.

within families multiply affected by mood disorder there may be often a spectrum of illness phenotype, which can embrace unipolar melancholy, alcoholism, suicide or psychosis, along with bipolar dysfunction. A hanging illustration of these three points is offered by the household timber of several famous and inventive people with bipolar dysfunction, in Kay Redfield Jamison’s fascinating e book Touched by Fire ( Jamison, 1993 ).

Faraone et al further delineated the differences among kids with mania, adolescents with childhood-onset mania, and adolescents with adolescence-onset mania. 25 Socioeconomic status was statistically decrease in families of youngsters with mania and adolescents with childhood-onset mania than in others. Increased power Health Market was twice as widespread in childhood mania as in other varieties, euphoria was most common in adolescents with childhood-onset mania, and irritability was least widespread in adolescents with adolescent-onset mania.

DBSA has found that just about 7 of every 10 individuals with bipolar dysfunction are misdiagnosed at least as soon as, and that the typical size of time from a person’s first bipolar symptoms to right analysis and treatment is 10 years. One of the explanations for that Health Benefit is that many people don’t report all of their signs. It is vital for people to share all signs, even those not current during a well being care appointment, in addition to their family historical past to assist health care providers make a correct diagnosis.

The Equality Act (2010) has also driven the development of policy relevant to attendance management. In particular, outlining the responsibility on employers to make reasonable adjustments to allow the recruitment and retention of staff with disabilities. A individual can be outlined as disabled if they’ve a physical or psychological impairment that has a substantial and lengthy-time period adversarial effect on their means to hold out regular day-to-day activities” (Acas, 2016). In the office, day-to-day activities might include interacting with colleagues, following directions and preserving to a timetable.

Similar acute manic or hypomanic signs might consequence from stimulant abuse or bodily disorders akin to hyperthyroidism or pheochromocytoma Patients with hyperthyroidism sometimes have other physical signs and signs, however thyroid perform testing (T4 and TSH levels) is a reasonable screen for brand spanking new sufferers. Patients with pheochromocytoma are markedly hypertensive; if they don’t seem to be, testing is not indicated. Other problems much less commonly trigger symptoms of mania, however depressive symptoms may occur in a variety of disorders (see Table: Some Causes of Symptoms of Depression and Mania ).

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